Science and technology for cultural heritage: success stories from Egypt.
VI - Fisica applicata, acceleratori e beni culturali
Aula Magna - Martedì 18 h 14:30 - 15:30
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For many years, earth scientists adapted and employed various geophysical techniques for the exploration of the Earth's crust, and for various reasons (identification of sub surface structures, leading to the exploration of natural resources, exploration of underground pipes and utilities, etc.). In Egypt, and generally speaking all over the world, cultural heritage sites, monuments, tombs and temples are either made of stone and natural materials or are in contact with stones and natural materials. Therefore, it was quite natural to employ geophysical techniques for the exploration of those sites. In this presentation, we will demonstrate the usage of various geophysical techniques to enhance our knowledge about heritage sites in Egypt. Success stories for the usage of seismic, radar, and cosmic rays will be demonstrated, with special focus on the recent explorations at the Tomb to Tutankhamun in Luxor (employing Radar techniques), and the Great Pyramid in Giza (employing Infra-Red and Muon Tomography).