Crafting Europe from CERN to Dubna: Gilberto Bernardini's role in the foundation of the European Physical Society in 1968.
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VII - Didattica e storia della fisica
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On September 26, 1968, sixty-two physicists, including the official representatives of the national physics societies of seventeen countries of both Eastern and Western Europe, gathered in Geneva to found the European Physical Society (EPS). At the time of its foundation, the EPS was one of the very few international scientific organizations that was specifically European and at the same time transcended the Cold War political divide. Based on the analysis of yet unexplored archival materials, the paper elucidates the crucial role played by the then president of the Italian Physical Society, Gilberto Bernardini, in this historical event.