Charge density wave and spin-(1/2) insulating state in single layer $1T-NbS_2$.

Tresca C., Calandra M.

II - Fisica della materia
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In bulk samples and few layer flakes, the transition metal dichalcogenides $NbS_2$ and $NbSe_2$ assume the $H$ polytype structure with trigonal prismatic coordination of the Nb atom. Recently, however, single and few layers of $1T-NbSe_2$ with octahedral coordination around the transition metal ion were synthesized. Motivated by these experiments and by using first-principles calculations, we investigate the structural, electronic and dynamical properties of single layer $1T-NbS_2$. We find that single-layer $1T-NbS_2$ undergoes a $\sqrt{13}\times\sqrt{13}$ star-of-David charge density wave. Within the generalized gradient approximation, the weak interaction between the stars leads to an ultraflat band at the Fermi level isolated from all other bands. The spin-polarized generalized gradient approximation stabilizes a total spin-(1/2) magnetic state with opening of a 0.15 eV band gap and a $0.21 \mu_B$ magnetic moment localized on the central Nb in the star. Within GGA+U, the magnetic moment on the central Nb is enhanced to $0.41 \mu_B$ and a larger gap occurs. Most important, this approximation gives a small energy difference between the 1T and 1H polytypes (only +0.5 mRy/Nb), suggesting that the 1T-polytype can be synthesized in a similar way as done for single layer $1T-NbSe_2$.

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