The physics of relativistic nuclear collisions at very high energy.
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I - Fisica nucleare e subnucleare
Aula 32C-3 - Lunedì 17 h 16:00 - 19:00
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The evidence obtained from data collected over many years in the experimental programme is that in nuclear collisions at very high energy the strongly interacting matter, mostly known as Quark Gluon Plasma QGP, beyond the critical QCD temperature, behaves as a relativistic fluid. Relativistic hydrodynamics has thus become the main theoretical tool to describe the dynamics of the QGP and the largest part of the relevant phenomenology. I will summarize the main steps and observations which led to such a paradygm and I will focus on two peculiar quantum features of this fluid that have recently emerged, i.e. polarization and chirality.